Prevalence of Obesity among Adults Women at Hodeida Governorate in Yemen

Fawzia Ibraheem Youssef Motakef*

Nutrition Department, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt

*Correspondence Email Address: [email protected]

Background: Obesity has become a major nationwide health concern. Causes of obesity are numerous and multifaceted. Adults’ obesity in t has been significant cause of morbidity &mortality worldwide including Yemen. Therefore, a healthy diet is indispensable for health and well-being, weight control, and the prevention of several chronic diseases. Objective: current study was conducted to find out prevalence of obesity among adult women in Hodeida governorate. Subjects& Methods: This study was carried out at Al-Thawra General Hospital in Hodeida city, Yemen. This setting is chosen because it is the only main adult women hospital that providing nutritional care services as well as high turnover of cases. A convenience sample of 423 adult women constituted the study sample, were conveniently chosen according to the following inclusion criteria: adult women (20- 45 years), who are resident mainly in Hodeida governorate, free from any medical diseases. Pre-designed self-administered questionnaire was used to collect personal data. Weight & height was measured to all women and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Results: More than one- third (33.6%) of them were overweight and 37.13% of total sample were obese. Referring to obese women, it was clear that were 20.6% of them had type one obesity, whereas minority (9.0% & 8.7%) who classified as type two and type three obesity, respectively. Conclusion: Obesity is prevalent among adult women in Hodeida governorate. A statistically significant association is observed between body BMI and age, education level, as well as level of income. It was observed that BMI increases as age increases, on the other hand, BMI decreases as education and income levels increases.

Keywords: Adult Women, Hodeida, Obesity, Overweight, Yemen

Citation: Motakef FIY. Prevalence of Obesity among Adults Women at Hodeida Governorate in Yemen. Canadian Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2022; 10 (1): 82-94.