Influence of Socioeconomic and Lifestyle Risk Factors on Type 2 Diabetes Risk: A Comparative Review

Yousef M. Waly*
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland-Bahrain
*Correspondence Email Address: waly.yousef147@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Type 2 diabetes, as a disease developing during the later stages of life, had been thoroughly explored throughout the course of the past 20 years. However, the impact of Socioeconomic and lifestyle risk factors have been given less attention. Socioeconomic risk factors include examples of income, education, employment and community safety. Such risk factors are said to influence the body’s regular metabolic functioning and influence the pathogenesis leading to Type 2 diabetes. Though socioeconomic risk factors in relation to the risk of Type 2 diabetes is difficult to assess and evaluate, it is important to explore and establish the potential relationships between them. Similarly, lifestyle risk factors including Physical fitness and dietary habits, are all risk factors said to also influence regular metabolic functioning as well as the pathogenesis which result to Type 2 diabetes. Such risk factors are to be explored in detail to gauge potential future preventative measures and help establish awareness revolving around the factors that are needed to be controlled to lower the risk of Type 2 diabetes. This comparative review has aimed to summarize the findings on the degree of influence of Socioeconomic and lifestyle risk factors from published papers over the past 5 years (2015-2020) in hope to develop more vivid understanding of such relationships.

Keywords: Lifestyle Risk Factors, Socioeconomic, Type 2 Diabetes

Citation: Yousef M. Waly. Influence of Socioeconomic and Lifestyle Risk Factors on Type 2 Diabetes Risk: A Comparative Review. Canadian Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2021; 9 (2): 85-98.

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.14206/canad.j.clin.nutr.2021.02.08

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