Impact of Lifestyle on the Etiology of Type 2 Diabetes: A Review

Jamila Abdullah Mahmoud Al-Zadjali

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Agricultural and marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman

Corresponding Author:Jamila Al-Zadjali. Email: [email protected]

Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A crude population measure of obesity is the body mass index (BMI); an individual’s weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in meters). Environments with plentiful food and scarce opportunities for physical activity are well suited for the development of obesity and ultimately type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It is associated with an increased risk of developing insulin resistance. In obese individuals, adipose tissue releases increased amounts of non-esterified fatty acids that induce insulin resistance.

Key words:Lifestyle, Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes

Al-Zadjali JAM.Impact of Lifestyle on the Etiology of Type 2 Diabetes: A Review. Canad J ClinNutr 2015; 3 (1): 59-67