Management of Diabetes-induced Chronic Kidney Disease: A Review

Fatma M. Al-Ardhi1,*
1Food Science and Nutrition Department, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

*Corresponding Author: [email protected]

It is well established that diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause chronic kidney disease (CKD) in developed and developing countries. The poor prognosis of diabetic patients with CKD represents a major health concern and increases the susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases, infections, foot ulcer, and hemodynamic instability among high risk groups. CKD is a serious condition that can debilitate the patient and the fact that it is induced by diabetes complicates the matter even further. This condition cannot be cured but it can be kept under control by dietary manipulation, pharmacological intervention, and dialysis treatment. A very complex issue that has been emerging recently in the field of dialysis is weight, it has been demonstrated that obese patients on CKD have been shown to exhibit better survival rates then non-obese patients. The mechanism of how adiposity provides such an advantage is still not clear, but it has been suggested that the increase lean body mass, which accommodates adipose tissue, is responsible for providing such survival rate. This review represents a general overview of the treatments that are being offered for the management of diabetes-induced CKD.

Keywords: Nutrition, Diabetes, Chronic Kidney Disease

Al-Ardhi FM. Management of Diabetes-induced Chronic Kidney Disease: A Review. Canad J Clin Nutr 2015; 3 (2): 65-70