Yusra Al-Shuaibi1*, Aida Al-Jardani1, Alamin Abdurahman1, Jameela Al-Jardani1, Ruqaia Al-Gusaini1, Abu Huraira Abbas1, Mostafa I. Waly2
1Siya Health Center, Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman. 2Food Science and Nutrition Department, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Sultanate of Oman
*Corresponding Author Email Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: In the Sultanate of Oman life expectancy has increased with rising urbanization and escalating the risk factors of low back pain, joint problems, osteoporosis, and Osteomalacia. Vitamin D is one of the modifiable risk factors of bone mineral density and it’s essential to investigate its status among adults population. Objective: This study aims to investigate the status vitamin D in both genders of the Omani adults living in a suburban area of Muscat. Subjects: This cross-sectional study included Omani adults and recruited on voluntary basis from the Siya region, a suburban area of Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. Diet, medication, and medical history questionnaire was administered to all enrolled study subjects. Venous blood was drawn for biochemical measurements of vitamin D. Results: Vitamin D deficiency at a concentration less than 50 nmol/L was prevalent among the study subjects of both genders. Meanwhile the daily intake of vitamin D and calcium was adequate as per the recommended dietary allowances. Conclusion: The results of this research provide a comprehensive and recent data on dietary patterns and eating habits of Omani adults living in a suburban area of Muscat. It was concluded that lifestyle might synergize for developing vitamin D deficiency among high risk groups of Omani adults. It is expected that these findings will be substantial and very beneficial from public health perspectives.
Keywords: Vitamin D, Oman, Obesity, Osteoporosis, Osteomalacia
Citation: Al-Shuaibi Y, Al-Jardani A, Abdurahman A, Al-Jardani J, Al-Gusaini R, Abbas AH, Waly MI.. Exploring Vitamin D Deficiency Risk Factors among Omani Adults Population in a Suburban Area of Muscat, Oman. Canad J Clin Nutr 2018; 6 (2): 62-74.