Effect of Nutrition Education Program on the Blood Lipid Profiles of Hypercholesterolemic Patients

Ngueguim Mariane Lucie1, Ngatchic Metsagang Therese Josiane1*, Fomekong Guy Christian1, Njintang Yanou Nicolas2

1Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, National School of Agro-industrial Science, Ngaoundere University, P.O. Box 455, Cameroon. 2Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, P.O. Box 454, Ngaoundere, Cameroon

*Corresponding Author Email Address: josianetheresa@yahoo.fr


Background:  Dyslipidemia is the main risk factor related to cardiovascular diseases. Dietary and lifestyle modifications are primary strategies to manage hypercholesterolemia. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of nutrition education on the improvement of the blood lipid profiles of hypercholesterolemic patients. Subjects and Methods: The study enrolled 60 patients, with hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol level >200 mg/dL and LDL-cholesterol level>130 mg/dL), they were divided into two groups, an intervention group (n=30) receiving nutritional education and a control group (n=30) not receiving during 10 weeks. Results: Significant reduction of levels of total cholesterol, LDL- cholesterol and triglycerides, weight and Body Mass Index were noted for both groups, but more importantly in the intervention group (P < 0.05). The reductions in the intervention group were 11, 8; 1,6 and 1,7 times respectively, those of the control group for the levels of total cholesterol, LDL- cholesterol and triglycerides. Furthermore, energy intakes and the amount of carbohydrates, protein and total fat, consumed by the intervention group, decreased significantly compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Improvement in lipid profile was observed after nutrition education intervention program. The study reveals that healthy modifications of diet can help to manage hypercholesterolemia efficiently.

Keywords: Hypercholesterolemia, Lipid profile, Nutrition Education.
Citation: Ngueguim Mariane Lucie, Ngatchic Metsagang Therese Josiane, Fomekong Guy Christian, Njintang Yanou Nicolas. Effect of Nutrition Education Program on the Blood Lipid Profiles of   Hypercholesterolemic Patients. Canadian Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2020; 8 (2): 8-19.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.14206/canad.j.clin.nutr.2020.02.02