Guidelines for Authors

Manuscript Format
The paper needs to be submitted on MS Word (.docx or .doc). There is not any restriction on the number of pages but to give a rough estimate a manuscript should be about 10-20 pages. It is advised that attention is paid to research methods and conclusion should bring out some sort of discovery or validate issues already discussed. The journals are going to be peer-reviewed so it is requested that guidelines provided below are followed for a smooth process of timely publication
The manuscript has to be original work of the author. Any overlapping of material with some previous submission would lead to rejection of the paper. Hence it is strongly recommended that authors check for plagiarism of content. It is also desired that once the paper is submitted here it should not be submitted elsewhere because such practice is against the ethics.
English is the only language used for expression in the paper, therefore non native authors who are not well versed in English need to get their paper proof read before its submission. Otherwise they may get it done by our editors on payment for the extra effort.
Manuscript Content
Title: The title must be relevant to the research being processed in the paper. It should be brief, ideally 15 words approximately.
Names of author: Complete information about the author needs to be provided. In case of multiple authors all names must be fully mentioned. The corresponding author must provide a statement to specify the contribution of all authors. If there are other people who have invested some effort in the paper they should be given proper acknowledgement.
Content Page:  The pages need to be numbered and a content page should highlight the material included in the paper.
Abstract: Abstract should be managed in 250 words, briefly describing the research method.
Keywords: Appropriate words need to be selected as keywords at the bottom of abstract. It is better if these keywords are different from the words of the title. 5 words are enough to characterize the keywords.
Introduction: The purpose of introduction is to provide a clear explanation of the problem under investigation; giving the significance and rationale for the study being conducted.
Results and Discussion The results need to be clearly displayed through tables, figures and equations. Although clarity and brevity are encouraged, a comprehensive discussion on results is needed so as to bring out a reasonable conclusion.


References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver). All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. The reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.
Journal titles are abbreviated (to decipher abbreviations see: PubMed Journals Database)
* Only first words of article title and words that normally begin with a capital letter are capitalised.
* If the number of authors exceeds six then et al. will be used after six names (the term “et al.” should be in italics).
* If the journal has continuous page numbering, you may omit month/issue number
* The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.

See below few examples of references listed in the correct Vancouver style:
[1] Shon HK, Vigneswaran S, Snyder SA. Effluent organic matter (EfOM) in wastewater: Constituents, effects, and treatment. Crit Rev Env Sci Tec 2006; 36(4): 327-74.
[2] Suzuki Y, Rowedder M. Curriculum system and understanding of nutrition in school children. Int J Consumer Stud 2002; 2(26): 249-55.
Typical Chapter Reference:
[3] Mason A. Population growth, aggregate saving and economic development. In: Salvatore D, Ed. World population trends and their impact on economic development. London: Greenwood Press 1988; pp. 45-58.
Book Reference:
[4] Fleiss JL, Levin B, Paik MC. Statistical methods for rates and proportions. 3rd ed. New York: Wiley 2003.
Edited Book:
[5] Duchateau L, Janssen P. The Frailty Model. New York: Springer 2008.
Conference Paper and Proceedings:
[6] Vassiliadis P. Modeling multidimensional databases, cubes and cube operations. In Proc. of the 10th SSDBM Conference 1998; pp. 53-62.
[7] An Y, Mylopoulos J, Borgida A. Building semantic mappings from databases to ontologies. In Proceedings of the Twenty-First National Conference on Articial Intelligence (AAAI-06) (Boston M, Ed.) 2006.
Journal Article on the Internet:
[8] International Monetary Fund (IMF). World economic outlook: Growth resuming, dangers remain [Report on the internet]. IMF; 2012 [cited 2012 Sept 10]: Available from:
Book/Monograph on the Internet:
[9] Donaldson MS, editor. Measuring the quality of health care [monograph on the internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 1999 [cited 2004 Oct 8]: Available from:
Web site/Homepage:
[10] United States Department of Agriculture. 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. (accessed April 11, 2012).
Journal with Part/Supplement:
If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout the volume, then the issue number can be omitted.
Issue with Supplement:
[11] Pignon JP, le Maitre A, Bourhis J. Meta-Analyses of chemotherapy in head and neck cancer (MACH-NC): an update. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2007; 69(2 Suppl): S112-4.
Volume with Part:
[12] Vahter M. Methylation of inorganic arsenic in different mammalian species and population groups. Sci Prog 1999; 82(Pt 1): 69-88.
Issue with Part:
[13] Harrabi I, Ghannem H, Gaha R, Hochlaf M, Limam K, Essoussi AS. Epidemiology of dyslipidemia among schoolchildren in Sousse, Tunisia. Diabetes Metab 2005; 31(3 Pt 1): 285-9.
[14] Sierra MA, Gómez-Gallego M, Alcázar R, Lucena JJ, Álvarez A, Yunta-Mezquita F. WO 02/00604 Patent 2002.
[15] Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or in open access (free-to-view), must contain the exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those posted on an author’s Web site unless editorially essential, e.g. ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.
* All illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without re-touching
* All illustration must be readable when reduced to a width of 75 mm (Single column figure) or 160 mm (double column figure)
* All illustrations should be clearly marked on the back with the figure number and the author’s name. All figures are required to have a caption. Captions should be supplied on a separate sheet.
Line drawing: Good quality printouts on white paper produced in black ink are required. Graphs lines and points on graphs should be sufficiently large and bold to permit reproduction when the diagram has been reduced to a size suitable for inclusion in the journal. Dye-line prints or photocopies are not suitable for reproduction. Do not use any type of shading on computer-generated illustrations.
Photographs: Original photographs must be supplied as they are to be reproduced (e.g. black and white or colour), if necessary A scale should be marked on the photograph. Please note that photocopies of photographs are not acceptable.
Colour: Authors are required to pay for the preparation of colour. Apply to the Author Services at the Publisher for details of cost (If the author is ordering the reprints).
* Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively and each table typed on a separate sheet. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the tables and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. No vertical rules should be used Tables should not duplicate result presented elsewhere in the manuscript. ( graphy)
Units: SI unit’s, if other units are necessary, includes the conversion factor and add the non –standard unit in parenthesis.
* Symbols: Define in text. Place extensive list of symbols in appendix.
Maths: Avoid double suffix. Punctuate carefully.
Proofs: Proofs will be sent to the author (first named author if no corresponding author is identified of multi –authored papers) and should be returned within 72 hours of receipt. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors: any others may be charged to the author. Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return. Since the inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed.

Processing Fee: After editorial approval and peer review, all accepted manuscripts are subject to an article processing fee of USD $200 covering the cost of production. We allow 25% discount to those authors who are not supported by their organization for funding.