Prevalence of Hyperthyroidism in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients of Lucknow and Surrounding Areas in India

Gazala Afrin1*, Aparna Misra1, Syed Tasleem Raza1, Vaibhav Shukla2

1Department of Biochemistry, Era’s Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. 2Department of Medicine, Era’s Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

*Correspondence Email Address: dr.gazala.afrin@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Background: The two common endocrinopathies seen in adult population are diabetes mellitus and thyroid hormone dysfunction which are involved in cellular metabolism. The two hormones which are intimately involved are insulin and thyroid hormones, so excess or deficit of any of them can derange the function of another. Objective: To see the prevalence of hyperthyroidism in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients. Subjects & Methods: A total of 235 patients with diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus of either sex, aged >20 years were included in the study. Analysis of serum T3, T4 and TSH by ELISA was done in all patients of the study. Results: A total of 235(107 males and 128 females) type 2 diabetes mellitus patients were included in the study. Hypothyroidism was seen in 48 (20.4%) patients. Hyperthyroidism was seen in 17(7.2%) patients. Euthyroid patients were 170 (72. 3%).Out of 128 females 10(4.25%) had hyperthyroidism whereas out of 107 males 7 (2.97%) had hyperthyroidism. Conclusion: We conclude that prevalence of hyperthyroidism was 7.2% and seen more in female Type 2 Diabetic patients as compared with male patients.
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Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism

Citation: Afrin G, Misra A, Raza ST, Shukla V. Prevalence of Hyperthyroidism in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients of Lucknow and Surrounding Areas in India. Canadian Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2022; 10 (1): 52-70.

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.14206/canad.j.clin.nutr.2022.01.07

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