Persistent Immunological Changes associated with COVID-19 Infection and its Clinical Consequences in Chronic Kidney Disease Cases

Seema Singh*, Syed Tahseen Raza

Department of Physiology, Era’s Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, India

*Correspondence Author: Professor Seema Singh, Department of Physiology, Era’s Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, India-226003. Email: singh_seema2007@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

The new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a world health emergency. Despite the majority of the general population displaying symptoms similar to the common cold, COVID-19 has also induced alveolar damage resulting in progressive respiratory failure with fatalities noted in 6.4% of cases. Chronic kidney disease increases the risk of mortality during COVID-19 episodes, and recent reports have underlined the high incidence and severity of this infection in patients who have displayed kidney damage through acute kidney injury.  There is scarce information regarding the impact of COVID-19 on renal patients with pre-existing kidney impairment, including those with chronic kidney disease and individuals on hemodialysis. This review article is aiming to assess the persistent immunological changes associated with COVID-19 Infection and its clinical consequences in chronic kidney disease cases.

Keywords: Coronaviruses, Chronic kidney disease, Immunology

Citation: Seema Singh, Syed Tahseen Raza. Persistent Immunological Changes associated with COVID-19 Infection and its Clinical Consequences in Chronic Kidney Disease Cases. Canadian Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2021; 9 (1): 95-112.

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.14206/canad.j.clin.nutr.2021.01.09     

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