Nutritional Assessment of Female College-aged Student at Sultan Qaboos University in relation to Iron-deficiency Anemia

Farha M. Al-Naabi1*, Huda A. Al-Masruri1, Mostafa I. Waly1,2
1Food Science and Nutrition Department, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos university, Muscat, Oman. 2Nutrition Department, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt
*Corresponding Author Email Address: farhat@squ.edu.om

ABSTRACT
Background: Iron deficiency anemia is a public health problem in Oman. Although a national anemia control program was provided daily iron supplementation for pregnant women through antenatal care services, yet the prevalence of IDA is increasing. Objectives: This study is aiming to evaluate the daily intake of female Omani students at reproductive age in relation to iron deficiency anemia. Participants and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study approach included female Omani students attending Sultan Qaboos University. The inclusion criteria were no pregnancy with a history of irondeficiency anemia at the time of study enrollment. Results: Fifty female subjects were recruited on voluntary basis for this study; 32 were taking iron supplementation program meanwhile 18 were not complied with the iron supplementation. All study subjects had low daily dietary intake of iron, and it was noted that the female subjects who were iron supplemented had misconceptions on the effect of iron supplementation and inadequate motivation. Conclusion: Low daily iron intake was common among the two groups (iron supplemented versus no-iron supplemented) of the enrolled study participants.

Keywords: Iron deficiency Anemia, Nutritional Assessment, Oman
Citation: Al-Naabi FM, Al-Masruri HA, Waly MI. Nutritional Assessment of Female Collegeaged Student at Sultan Qaboos University in relation to Iron-deficiency Anemia. Canad J Clin Nutr 2019; 7 (1): 100-112.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14206/canad.j.clin.nutr.2019.01.09

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