Individual Factors Associated with the Intention to Quit Smoking Among Adult Males in Hanoi, Vietnam: a Cross-Sectional Study

Duc Tran1, Raghda Shukri1*, Anh Le2 
1Department of Nursing, Tokyo Human Health Sciences University Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam.2Department of Biostatistics, Hanoi University of Public Health. Hanoi, Vietnam
*Corresponding Author Email Address:  raghda_shukri@human.ac.jp

ABSTRACT
Objective: To identify the correlates between the intention to quit smoking and individual factors among males in Vietnam. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional design study included a convenience sample of 265 male smokers aged 18 years old and over in Hanoi city. The intention to quit smoking variable was explored and a standard questionnaire was constructed and validated to be used for data collection. The trans-theoretical model of health behavior change by Prochaska, DiClemente & Norcross (1992) was the standard for data measurement. Confounding variables and variables with strong multi-collinearity were controlled by a multivariate logistic regressions analysis.  Results: Findings show that 49% of smokers had an intention to quit smoking. 51% were identified to be in the pre-contemplation stage, 32.8% in the contemplation stage, and 16.2% in the preparation stage. Multivariate analysis showed that smokers with the medium level of nicotine dependence (OR: 5.497, 95% CI: 2.181 to 13.851) were more likely to have an intention to stop smoking than those with the high level (OR: 3.106, 95% CI: 1.337 to 7.216). Other related factors such as smoking cessation history, benefits of quitting smoking, worries about health problems, overall opinion about smoking, and positive attitudes towards smoking were associated with the intention to quit smoking. Socio-demographic characteristics have no association with such intention. Conclusion: The study emphasized that such factors shall be addressed in the design of intervention programs that encourage smokers without an intention of quitting smoking to think about smoking cessation and apply smoking cessation measures.

Keywords: Quitting Smoking, Intention, Adult Males, Vietnam

Citation: Tran D, Shukri R, Le A. Individual Factors Associated with the Intention to Quit Smoking Among Adult Males in Hanoi, Vietnam: a Cross-Sectional Study. Canad J Clin Nutr 2018; 6 (1): 20-33.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14206/canad.j.clin.nutr.2018.01.03 

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