Impact of Diabetes Nutrition Education on Nutrition Knowledge and Physical Activity Duration among Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Longitudinal Cohort Intervention Study

Robert Mutagwanya 1* , Christine Magala Nyago 1 , Fredrick Nelson Nakwagala 2

1 School of Food Technology, Nutrition and Bio-engineering, Makerere University
2 Endocrine unit of Mulago hospital, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University

*Email Address of Correspondence: robertmutagwanya@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Nutrition knowledge practice, medication and physical exercises are the three
cornerstones of diabetes management. This is because diabetic patients have a major role in the control and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Objective: This study therefore aimed at assessing the effect of nutrition education on the knowledge level and physical activity duration among type 2 diabetic patients. Methodology: One hundred type 2 diabetic patients were randomly selected and divided into two groups of intervention and control (50 patients in each group) to participate in the study. The intervention consisted of two educational sessions each for 30 minutes twice a week. Data were collected using a pre-tested questionnaire (22 questions) before and after intervention every after one month for a period of four months of intervention. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS software version 21. Results: The average age of patients was 48 years. Most of the patients were females (65.39%) compared to males (34.01%). Results further revealed that 41.34% of the patients’ duration of diabetes was between 5–10 years; 32.84% had diabetes less than 5 years, and only 18.63% had diabetes 11–15 years while 7.19% had diabetes for more than 15 years. There was a significant (P<0.001) increase in knowledge scores (41.26 ± 8.85% to 84.02 ± 5.84%) and duration of physical exercises (0.03 ± 0.17 to 17.20 ± 14.61 minutes) in the intervention group compared to the control group. Conclusion: Nutrition education significantly improves diabetes nutrition knowledge and duration of physical activity among type 2 diabetes patients.

Keywords: Nutrition Education, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Physical Activity

Citation: Robert Mutagwanya, Christine Magala Nyago, Fredrick Nelson Nakwagala. Impact of
Diabetes Nutrition Education on Nutrition Knowledge and Physical Activity Duration among Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Longitudinal Cohort Intervention Study. Canadian Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2023; 11 (1): 41-57.

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.14206/canad.j.clin.nutr.2023.01.04

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