Cardiovascular Diseases Risk, Energy Expenditure, and Health Fitness

Hashem Kilani
Health and Recreation Department, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Jordan

Corresponding Author: Professor Hashem Kilani,

The prevalence of obesity in the gulf countries and throughout the world continues to increase. It is estimated that 1.2 billion people in the world are overweight and at least 300 million of them are obese. Obesity is strongly linked to cardiovascular diseases and other disorders such as hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia. As a result, much research is being conducted worldwide to help identify causative mechanisms as well as programs to better manage its progression. Recent studies have focused on increasing the proportion of dietary protein relative to carbohydrate to examine changes in weight loss, body composition, energy expenditure, and appetite biomarkers. Many studies have reported that protein rich diets have positive effects on weight loss in obese populations. Exercise and routine physical activity have an ideal outcome in addition to these dietary modifications in promoting a healthy amount of weight loss that could be sustained without negative effect on the body composition, mainly the maintenance of fat-free mass.

Keywords: Cardiovascular Diseases, Health Fitness, Obesity

Kilani H. Cardiovascular Diseases Risk, Energy Expenditure, and Health Fitness. Canad J Clin Nutr 2015; 3 (2): 1-4