Body Composition and Physical Activity among Omani Adults: A Population-Based Study

Hashim Kilani1*, Mahfoodha S. Al-Kitani2, Manar Shaheen2
1Health and Recreation Department, University of Jordan, Jordan
2Physical Education Department, College of Education, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
*Corresponding Author:Professor HashemKilani. Email: hakilani@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
Background:  In the last century, huge advances were made in the understanding of physical activity (PA), sedentary life style, and physical fitness (PF). The present study aimed to address the role PA and PF in relation to health and wellbeing among Omani adult’s population. Subjects: The survey used complex, multi-stage, stratified, clustered samples of healthy Omani adults (n=100), non-institutionalized populations, to collect information about the anthropometric and physical activity. All study participants provided written informed consent. Results:It was observed that the age and PA are not significantly difference between males and females study subjects. Occupation, body mass index (BMI), and resting basal metabolic rate (RBMR) were significantly difference between male and females. The enrolled female subjects had higher BMI, and there was a negative relationship between male and female study subjects in BMI, percent body fat, and waist to hip ratio.Conclusion: Increasing PA will result in increasing the level of PF and thus reducing fatness. Body composition is the relative amount of fat, muscle, bone, and other vital parts of the body, a component that represents health in the PF and is increased with low PA.

Key wordsObesity, Body Composition, Physical Activity.

Kilani H, Al-Kitani MS, Shaheen M.Body composition and physical activity among Omani adults: a population-based study. Canad J ClinNutr 2014; 2 (2): 41-49

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14206/canad.j.clin.nutr.2014.02.04

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