A Comparative Study between Ancient Unani method with the Modern Laboratory-based Method of Urinalysis

Mohsin Ali Khan1,2, Hifzur Rahman3, Syed Tasleem Raza3*, Mohammad Abbas4, Saliha Rizvi3
1Chairman, American University of Barbados, Wildey, Saint Michael, Barbados. 2Chancellor, ERA University, Lucknow-226003, (UP), India. 3Department of Biochemistry, Era’s Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow-226003, (UP), India.4Department of Microbiology, ERA University, Lucknow-226003, (UP), India
*Corresponding Author Email Address: tasleem24@gmail.com

Background: Urinalysis is one of the most common method of medical diagnosis. The detailed analysis of urine helps to detect alterations in the composition of the urine which aid in the diagnosis of many disorders. Problems with lungs, kidneys, urinary tract, skin, and bladder can affect the appearance, concentration, and content of your urine. Methods: In the present study we randomly selected 1516 subjects suffering from chronic kidney disease, type 2 diabetes, chronic liver disease and other metabolic diseases and compared the urinalysis results of the patients obtained from Unani (visual examination) and hospital lab services (HLS) methods. Results: Our results showed that Unani method was slightly overestimating protein, presence of infections in comparison to HLS method (with 15.3%, 9.3% difference). Apart from this Unani
method proved to be efficient in case of stone (11.61%), uric acid (5.21%%), and bile salt/pigment detection (14.45%) as compared to HLS method, 7.06%, 1.98% and 0.46% respectively. Conclusion: Our study suggested that Unani method holds potential as a cheap and easy method of urinalysis for early diagnosis of various metabolic diseases in a low infrastructure setup.

Keywords: Hospital Laboratory Service, Kidney Disorders, Unani, Urinalysis
Citation: Khan MI, Rahman H, Raza ST, Abbas M, Rizvi S. A Comparative Study between Ancient Unanimethod with the Modern Laboratory-based Method (HLS) of Urinalysis. Canad J Clin Nutr 2019; 7 (1): 67-77.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14206/canad.j.clin.nutr.2019.01.06